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Water is Key to Food Security
70% of world fresh water withdrawal is used for agriculture. Agricultural water use has helped meet rapidly rising demand for food and has contributed to the growth of farm portability and poverty reduction as well as rural development and environmental protection. With an increasing water scarcity, our role is to enhance agricultural performance while promoting sustainability of water use for food production. Follow our Twitter @FAOAsiaWater to receive the latest news and update on water and food security


7th World Water Forum
21-27 Apr. 2015 - Daegu, S.Korea

WWF7 Themes to focus on water security, responsible development, and sustainability
Overview ll Official Site ll Forum News

New interactive maps showing key data on water and agriculture
21 March 2014. FAO Statistics

AQUASTAT is FAO’s global water information system offering standardized data, tools, and capacity development in country database. It provides as a platform for exchange view and experience on water resources and how best to measure and account for water-related use, freely available to all.

 Overview ll AQUASTAT ll Understanding AQUASTAT


Study on Analysis of Sustainable Water Resource Use

The project focuses specifically on issues related to the policies and practices of water allocation in agriculture. The immediate objective of the project is to promote sustainable water resource use for agriculture in the Asia Pacific region through capacity development and analyse water allocation policies, strategies and practices in the selected river basins and the availability of a comprehensive set of technical and policy assistance instruments. Read more


Asia Water Development Outlook 2013
Measuring Water Security in Asia and the Pacific

This second edition of the Asian Water Development Outlook (AWDO) provides the first quantitative and comprehensive view of water security in the countries of Asia and the Pacific. By focusing on critical water issues, AWDO 2013 provides finance and planning leaders with recommendations on policy actions to improve water governance and guidance on investments to increase their country's water security.

RELATED LINKS: FAO's role in Water ll FAOSTAT ll AQUASTAT ll AQUACROP ll FAO Water Resources ll  Water for Life Decade 


Irrigation Modernization

Modernizing Irrigation Management 


Irrigation modernization is a process of technical and managerial upgrading (as opposed to mere rehabilitation) of irrigation schemes combined with institutional reforms, with the objective to improve resource utilization (labor, water, economic, environmental) and water delivery service to farms. Visit Watercontrol section for all project information and materials available on Modernization of Irrigation Systems.


Improving the Operation of Canal Irrigation Systems


The operation of canal irrigation systems  focuses on methods that minimize dependence on complex management procedures while maximizing efficiency of water use and reliability of irrigation service to users and alleviating environmental effects. Read more

World Water Day Celebration and modern irrigation practices

22 March 2014. Foodtank.

According to OECD, 47 percent of the population could be living under severe water stress by 2050. “The world is thirsty because it is hungry,” reports FAO. We all consume around 3,800 liters of water every day and 92 percent of that is used to produce the food we eat, making sustainable practices and reducing water consumption in food, also known as “virtual water,” even more necessary. Read more


Revitalizing Irrigation and Agriculture Water Governance in the Asia Pacific to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 

Ø  A development of regional initiative to setup established for the overall governance, steering, management, coordination, design and monitoring of the Initiative and its components

Ø  Implementation of key components launched at regional and river basin levels  to build capacity moving towards greater food security, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability



 Modernizaing Irrigation Management. 2007. 
The MASSCOTE Approach

e methodology presented in this paper is an attempt to help those confronted with such situations to engage stakeholders and improve modernization planning with the goal of providing improved services to users at a more appropriate cost. It is termed the MASSCOTE approach, this being an acronym that stands for Mapping System and Services for Canal  Operation Techniques


·        Irrigation Training & Research Center
·       Irrigation Water by Countries
·        FAO Water Management and Irrigation
MASCOTTE - User Feedback Survey
·       World Bank/Farm level Irrigation 

Water options for Smallholder

Access to Water & Rural Livelihood


Unavailability of and lack of access to water are major constraints to rural agricultural livelihoods in Asia.  Evidences have shown that there is a strong link between access to water and rural livelihoods among the poor.  However, Asian rural communities have been transforming rapidly through economic growth and urbanization, hence, well-targeted water control interventions need to be supported by interventions from other sectors as well to be effective.



Water interventions for improving rural livelihoods in Asia

Figure: Global Undernourishment in 2010 by Region

Background. Poverty is a major problem in Asia despite its high economic growth and rapid rural transformation. Asia still accounts for two thirds of the world’s 1.4 billion poor, concentrated mostly in South Asia. Publishing soon.

Thai Authorities Gear Up To Tackle Drought Crisis
8 Mar 2014. Bernama

PM Yingluck held a meeting to discuss the devastating impact of drought and measures to cope with the dry season in the Northeast. So far 18 provinces have been declared drought-affected areas. The department is urging locals to use water sparingly, and prepare water reserves for general consumption. Read more



Ø Water control to improve rainfed farming

Ø Surface irrigation system development and investment framework

Ø Groundwater and pump irrigation    

Ø Community-based farmer-managed irrigation schemes

 Ø Flood and drought management for building resilience from shocks

 Ø Information and communication technology (ICT) – based  water resources and irrigation management 



Water Harvesting. 2013.
Guidelines to Good Practice 

These guidelines provide an overview of proven good practice in water harvesting from all over the world. They form a practice reference guide while providing support and specific technical expertise for the integration of water harvesting technologies into the planning and design of projects. The principle is simple: capture potentially damaging rainfall runoff and translate this into plant growth or water supply



·         Center for Tropical Agriculture

·         Crops Research Institute 

·         Climate and Food Security

·         FAO Climate Smart Agriculture 

·         Fund for Agriculture 

·         ESCAP - Disaster Risk Reduction

Water-Energy-Food Nexus

Understanding the Nexus


Water, energy and food are essential for human well-being, poverty reduction and sustainable development. Global projections indicate that demand for freshwater, energy and food will increase significantly over the next decades. Nexus is a conceptual approach to better understand and to systematically analyse the complex interdependence of water, energy, and food systems, with the intention of managing trade-offs and co-benefits.


The Water Food Energy Nexus
– An animation.


      Video:  SABMiller/ Youtube

“If we put Nexus in the heart of what we do, our future could be brighter than ever” 

A Video of a Nexus thinking for a better water security and sustainable world!

Tackling water, sanitation, energy nexus key to sustainable future

18 Feb. 2014. UN News Centre

The water, sanitation and sustainable energy crises are the among the world’s development challenges. UN urging Member States to adopt coherent integrated policies and innovative strategies to tackle these issues, which take a tragic toll on the lives of millions of poor people, especially women and young girls.   Read more


An Innovative Accounting Framework for Food-Energy-Water Nexus2013.
Application of the MuSIASEM approach

The interconnection between resources in food, energy, and water nexus cannot be considered in isolation but as part of an integrated system. This report presents an integrated analysis approach, the Multi-Scale Integrated Assessment of Society and Ecosystem Metabolism to 3 case studies.
LIPHE4 ll Nexus Assessment 



Cross-Sectoral Integration in the Sustainable Development Goals2014.  A Nexus Approach

This report proposes ways to use the water-energy-food nexus framework to facilitate cross-sectoral integration in the Sustainable Development Goals process, with the purpose of making the SDGs more cost-effective, efficient and sustainable in the long term. It shows how to identify interactions among goals, and examine different types of interactions


·       Scoop.it
·      UN Water: Nexus
·       Water Energy & Food Platform 
·       Nexus Conference 
·       Sahara Forest Project 


Main Partners

Cambodia Center for Study and Development in Agriculture
Institute of Technology of Cambodia
Stockholm Environment Institute
Global Water Partnership Southeast Asia
International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage
International Union for the Conservation of Nature
Water and Food

Events Calendar

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